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UHF connector (3346 views - Electrical Engineering)

The UHF connector is a World War II or earlier threaded RF connector design, from an era when "UHF" referred to frequencies over 30 MHz.
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UHF connector

UHF connector

UHF connector
PL-259 (male) plug. Outside diameter is about 18 mm.
Type RF coaxial connector
Designer E. Clarke Quackenbush[citation needed]
Designed 1930s
Manufacturer Various
Diameter 18 mm (0.71 in) (typical)
Cable Coaxial
Passband Typically 0–100 MHz
Connector SO-239 (socket)[1]
PL-259 (plug) [2]

The UHF connector[3] is a World War II or earlier[4][5] threaded RF connector design, from an era when "UHF" referred to frequencies over 30 MHz.[6][7][8]

Design and nomenclature

Originally the connector was designed to carry signals at frequencies up to 300 MHz,[3] but later measurements reveal limitations above 100 MHz.[9] The coupling shell has a 58 inch 24tpi UNEF standard thread.[3] The most popular cable plug and corresponding chassis-mount socket carry the old Signal Corps nomenclatures PL-259 (plug) and SO-239 (socket).[10] These are also known as Navy type 49190 and 49194 respectively.[11]

PL-259, SO-239, and several other related military references refer to one specific mechanical design collectively known as the UHF Connector.[3] In some countries, for example in Israel, the term 'PL connector' is confusingly associated rather with the analog phone connector.

Characteristics

Mechanical

By design, all connectors in the UHF Connector family mate using the 5/8 inch 24 tpi threaded shell for the shield connection[3] and an approximately 0.156 inch (4mm) diameter pin and socket for the inner conductor.[citation needed] Similar connectors with an incompatible 16mm diameter, 1mm metric thread have been produced,[12] but these are not standard UHF connectors by definition.[3]

Surge impedance

UHF connectors have a non-constant surge impedance.[3] For this reason, UHF connectors are generally usable through HF and the lower portion of what is now known as the VHF frequency range.[9] Despite the name, the UHF connector is rarely used in commercial applications for today's UHF frequencies, as the non-constant surge impedance creates measurable electrical signal reflections above 100 MHz.[9][13][14]

Power

UHF connectors can handle RF peak power levels over one kilowatt based on the voltage rating of 500 volts peak.[3]

Environmental tolerance

The UHF connector is not weatherproof.[3]

Applications

In many applications, UHF connectors were replaced by designs that have a more uniform surge impedance over the length of the connector, such as the N connector and the BNC connector.[15] UHF connectors are still widely used in amateur radio, Citizens Band radio, and marine VHF radio applications.[citation needed]

See also



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Electrical Engineering

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