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尾气 (6865 views - Mechanical Engineering)

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尾气

尾气

客车排放统计

美国环保局估算客车平均排放量,2000年7月[1]
成分 排放率 年污染排放
碳氢化合物 2.80 克/英里 (1.75 克/公里) 77.1英磅(35.0公斤)
一氧化碳 20.9 克/英里 (13.06 克/公里) 575英磅(261公斤)
NOx 1.39 克/英里 (0.87 克/公里) 38.2英磅(17.3公斤)
二氧化碳——温室气体 0.916英磅每英里(258克每公里) 11,450英磅(5,190公斤)
美国轻型汽车、轻型卡车,中型汽车—— 2级排放标准[2]
成分 排放率 年污染排放
NMOG (挥发性有机物) 0.075  克/英里 (0.046 克/公里) 2.1英磅(0.95公斤)
一氧化碳 3.4 克/英里 (2.1 克/公里) 94英磅(43公斤)
NOX 0.05 克/英里 (0.0305 克/公里) 1.4英磅(0.64公斤)
甲醛 0.015 克/英里 (0.0092 克/公里) 0.41英磅(0.19公斤)

火花点火发动机

火花点火发动机中:

内燃机尾气[4]
所有数据皆为估算
% of total
成分 汽油 柴油
71 67
一氧化碳 14 12
水蒸气 12 11
氧气 10
微量元素[來源請求] < 0.5 ~ 0.3
一氧化氮 < 0.25 < 0.15
一氧化碳 1 - 2 < 0.045
颗粒物 < 0.045
< 0.25 < 0.03
二氧化硫 些许痕迹 < 0.03

引述

  1. ^ Average Annual Emissions and Fuel Consumption for Passenger Cars and Light Trucks (PDF). Transportation and Air Quality. United States Environmental Protection Agency. 
  2. ^ Light-Duty Vehicle, Light-Duty Truck, and Medium-Duty Passenger Vehicle -- Tier 2 Exhaust Emission Standards. Emission Standards Reference Guide. United States Environmental Protection Agency. 14 November 2012. 
  3. ^ State and County Emission Summaries: Volatile Organic Compounds. Air emission sources. United States Environmental Protection Agency. 25 October 2013. 
  4. ^ Self-Study Programme 230: Motor Vehicle Exhaust Emissions (PDF). AUDI. April 2000 [23 March 2012]. 

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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "尾气", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0. There is a list of all authors in Wikipedia

Mechanical Engineering

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