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鱼饵 (6534 views - Sports List)

鱼饵是挂在鱼钩上或放在渔网里用来吸引鱼的东西。过去一般是蚯蚓、昆虫、小鱼或虾,现在也有用塑料鱼饵或电动鱼饵。
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Explanation by Hotspot Model

鱼饵

鱼饵

鱼饵

鱼饵是挂在鱼钩上或放在渔网里用来吸引鱼的东西。[1]:164过去一般是蚯蚓昆虫、小鱼或,现在也有用塑料鱼饵或电动鱼饵。

类别

鱼饵,包括诱饵和钓饵。根据用量和配方区别,一般情况,诱饵用量大、粗糙,钓饵用量小、精细。[1]:164

诱饵

诱饵,又名打窝子,是用来投放到垂钓地点,吸引鱼群并且留住鱼群的物品。[1]:164诱饵的效果是吸引鱼群、留住鱼群,简称诱鱼、留鱼,制作时,主要注意其气味,讲究香、臭、腥、酸气等味道。

  • 香型,香型诱饵主要指酒香型,有酒泡大米、酒泡小米、酒泡玉米等,其特点是吸引鱼群速度快,缺点是鱼群容易吃饱,留鱼效果差。[1]:164为了避免其弊端,一般诱饵使用少量酒米,再加糠饼,这样就能做到吸引鱼群快,留鱼效果好。[1]:164
  • 臭型,一般使用新鲜的人粪、畜粪搅拌黄泥、混合饲料,是钓鲤鱼鲫鱼草鱼鳊鱼常用的诱饵。[1]:165新鲜牛粪、新鲜碎草、黄泥、混合饲料,被钓鱼者用于钓草鱼,新鲜鸡粪、,主要用于钓鳊鱼。[1]:165
  • 腥型,大鱼爱好腥味,一般将田螺锤烂、蚬肉、混合饲料、山羊油、虫蛹粉制作成腥型诱饵。[1]:168

钓饵

钓饵,是挂住鱼钩上,鱼吞食时的一种物品。[1]:164主要分为荤饵、素饵、拉饵、拟饵。[1]:170

荤饵

荤饵以动物性饵料居多,常见的有:蚯蚓、蛆虫、红虫、葡萄虫、栗虫、柳虫、黄虫、水龟虫、石蚕、水蜈蚣、虾子、螃蟹、蚂蚱等。[1]:170-172

  • 蚯蚓,蚯蚓是最古老而且使用至今的钓饵,蚯蚓分为红蚯蚓和黑蚯蚓,红蚯蚓主要钓鲫鱼、鲤鱼等,黑蚯蚓主要钓鳗鱼鲶鱼、鲢鱼等。[1]:170
  • 蛆虫,又名鱼虫,原始的是粪虫,但是粪虫脏,常见使用的是专门培养的蛆虫,主要用于钓鲫鱼、鲤鱼等。[1]:171
  • 红虫,红虫生活在池沼水泽的泥层里,主要钓鲫鱼、鲤鱼、罗汉鱼、鳟鱼。[1]:171
  • 葡萄虫,生活在葡萄藤蔓之中,白色,主要用于钓鳟鱼、石斑鱼等。[1]:171
  • 栗虫,生活在板栗等栗类植物中,白色,主要钓鳟鱼、石斑鱼。[1]:171
  • 柳虫,栖息在树上的虫,白色、背部粉红,主要钓鳟鱼、石斑鱼[1]:171
  • 黄虫,又名菊虫,寄生在猪草的茎内,黄色。[1]:171
  • 石蚕,栖息在濑区石头表面,类似蚕,主要钓石斑鱼。[1]:171
  • 虾子,栖息在水洞、水草里,白天隐藏晚上活动,使用之前退壳,钓、鳗鱼、鲤鱼等。[1]:171
  • 螃蟹,栖息在石头下、石洞里,使用之前退壳,钓鲈鱼、鳗鱼。[1]:171

素饵

素饵主要是米饭,单粒米主要用于钓鲫鱼。[1]:179

  • 薯类饵主要是红薯土豆,切成小方块,蒸七成熟,主要钓鲤鱼。[1]:180
  • 嫩草、蔬菜主要钓草鱼。[1]:180

拉饵

拉饵又称混合饵、练饵,是当今使用最广泛的一种钓饵,可以悬挂在鱼钩钩尖,或包住整个鱼钩,还可以使用爆炸钩、串钩等,拉饵常加入拉丝粉。[1]:181-184

拟饵

人造鱼饵常用来钓大型食肉鱼,常用金属塑料橡胶木头等模拟鱼的食物(如小鱼),引诱鱼儿上钩。飞蝇钓也会用人造鱼饵。

拟饵发源于欧洲美国,主要用于海钓和淡水鱼的凶猛肉食鱼类,有拟鱼儿、拟苍蝇、拟泥鳅、拟蚯蚓、拟水虫等,是一种人工制成的假饵。[1]:184它包括:匙形拟饵、鱼形拟饵、片形拟饵、沉子拟饵等。[1]:184-186

  • 匙形拟饵,是由美国德克萨斯州的伐木工发明的,一名伐木工在午餐的时候把汤匙掉入河中,结果一群鱼儿争相追咬。。[1]:184-185
  • 鱼形拟饵,英文名Lure,诱饵的意思,最早翻译中文时因为不懂钓鱼,音译成“路亚”,用塑胶或木制成。。[1]:186
  • 片形拟饵,穿孔的金属片,接上钢珠或玻璃珠、塑胶珠等。。[1]:186
  • 沉子拟饵,由铅制成的长片形状物品,像小鱼在游泳。。[1]:186

操作

荤饵的使用方法分为:点挂、并挂、穿挂,点挂是鱼钩穿过荤饵一个点,并挂是多条荤饵挂同一个鱼钩,穿挂是整个荤饵穿过鱼钩并且不露出鱼钩,钓小鱼用穿挂和点挂,钓大鱼用并挂。[1]:172

鱼饵可分为自然鱼饵和人造鱼饵。研究显示一般来说小鱼和虾等自然鱼饵使鱼上钩更快,不过选用鱼饵的标准主要看所钓的鱼的习性。

参考书目

  • 杜健鹰. 《新手垂钓完全攻略》. 化学工业出版社. 2009. ISBN 9787122045966 (中文(简体)‎). 
  • 盛文林. 《实用钓鱼完全入门》. 北京市: 北京工业大学出版社. 2013. ISBN 9787563933501 (中文(简体)‎). 
  • 金波、卢德娥. 《生活百科全书:最新垂钓知识图鉴》. 武汉市: 武汉出版社. 2012. ISBN 9787543070387 (中文(简体)‎). 
  • 王长工. 《钓鱼百技精解》. 金盾出版社. 2011. ISBN 9787508269689 (中文(简体)‎). 

參考來源

引用

  1. ^ 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 引用错误:没有为名为fish的参考文献提供内容

書目

刘缨、张晓衡. 《垂钓绝招图解》. 海南省: 海南出版社. 1996. ISBN 7-80609-120-3 (中文(简体)‎). 

外部連結



This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "鱼饵", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0. There is a list of all authors in Wikipedia

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• Yak polo

Street sports
• Free running
• Freestyle footbag
• Freestyle football
• Powerbocking
• Parkour
• Scootering
• Street workout

Tag games

• British bulldogs (American Eagle)
• Capture the flag
• Hana Ichi Monme
• Hide and seek
• Jugger
• Kabaddi
• Kho kho
• Kick the can
• Oztag
• Red rover
• Tag

Walking
• Hiking
• Backpacking (wilderness)
• Racewalking
• Bushwhacking
• Walking

Wall-and-ball
• American handball
• Australian handball
• Basque pelota
• Butts Up
• Chinese handball
• Fives
• Gaelic handball
• International fronton
• Jorkyball
• Racquetball
• Squash
• Squash tennis
• Suicide (game)
• Valencian frontó
• Wallball
• Wallyball

Aquatic & paddle sports
• Creeking
• Flyak
• Freeboating
• Sea kayaking
• Squirt boating
• Surf kayaking
• Whitewater kayaking

Rafting
• Rafting
• White water rafting

Rowing
• Rowing (sport)
• Gig racing
• Coastal and ocean rowing
• Surfboat
• Single scull
Other paddling sports
• Dragon boat racing
• Stand up paddle boarding
• Water polo
• Canoe polo
• Waboba

Underwater
• Underwater football
• Underwater rugby
• Underwater hockey

Competitive swimming
• Backstroke
• Breaststroke
• Butterfly stroke
• Freestyle swimming
• Individual medley
• Synchronized swimming
• Medley relay

Kindred activities
• Bifins (finswimming)
• Surface finswimming

Subsurface and recreational
• Apnoea finswimming
• Aquathlon (underwater wrestling)
• Freediving
• Immersion finswimming
• Scuba diving
• Spearfishing
• Snorkelling
• Sport diving (sport)
• Underwater hockey
• Underwater orienteering
• Underwater photography (sport)
• Underwater target shooting
Diving
• Cliff diving
• Diving

Weightlifting
• Basque traditional weightlifting
• Bodybuilding
• Highland games
• Olympic weightlifting
• Powerlifting
• Strength athletics (strongman)
• Steinstossen

Motorized sports
• Autocross (a.k.a. Slalom)
• Autograss
• Banger racing
• Board track racing
• Demolition derby
• Desert racing
• Dirt track racing
• Drag racing
• Drifting
• Folkrace
• Formula racing
• Formula Libre
• Formula Student
• Hillclimbing
• Ice racing
• Kart racing
• Land speed records
• Legends car racing
• Midget car racing
• Monster truck
• Mud bogging
• Off-road racing
• Pickup truck racing
• Production car racing
• Race of Champions
• Rally raid
• Rallycross
• Rallying
• Regularity rally
• Road racing
• Short track motor racing
• Snowmobile racing
• Sports car racing
• Sprint car racing
• Street racing
• Stock car racing
• Time attack
• Tractor pulling
• Touring car racing
• Truck racing
• Vintage racing
• Wheelstand competition

Motorboat racing
• Drag boat racing
• F1 powerboat racing
• Hydroplane racing
• Jet sprint boat racing
• Offshore powerboat racing
• Personal water craft

Motorcycle racing
• Auto Race
• Board track racing
• Cross-country rally
• Endurance racing
• Enduro
• Freestyle motocross
• Grand Prix motorcycle racing
• Grasstrack
• Hillclimbing
• Ice racing
• Ice speedway
• Indoor enduro
• Motocross
• Motorcycle drag racing
• Motorcycle speedway
• Off-roading
• Rally raid
• Road racing
• Superbike racing
• Supercross
• Supermoto
• Supersport racing
• Superside
• Track racing
• Trial
• TT racing
• Free-style moto

Marker sports
• Airsoft
• Archery
• Paintball
• Darts

Musical sports
• Color guard
• Drum corps
• Indoor percussion
• Marching band

Fantasy sports
• Quidditch
• Hunger Games(Gladiating)
• Pod Racing
• Mortal Kombat(MMA)

Other
• Stihl Timbersports Series
• Woodsman

Overlapping sports
• Tennis
• Polocrosse
• Badminton
• Polo

Skating sports
• Aggressive inline skating
• Artistic roller skating
• Figure skating
• Freestyle slalom skating
• Ice dancing
• Ice skating
• Inline speed skating
• Rinkball
• Rink hockey
• Roller derby
• Roller skating
• Short track speed skating
• Skater hockey
• Speed skating
• Synchronized skating

Freestyle skiing
• Snowboarding
• Ski flying
• Skibob
• Snowshoeing
• Skiboarding