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石油產業 (8163 views - Plant Design / Ship Yard)

石油產業是勘探、開採、提煉、運輸和銷售石油產品的產業。以體積計,石油產業的最主要產品是重油和汽油。石油也是許多化工產品的原料。石油產業可再分為上游、中游和下游。 全球每年消耗約300億桶(約4.8立方公里)石油,大部分由已發展國家消耗。美國是消耗石油最多的國家,在2007年消耗了該年全球生產石油的四分之一。
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  1. ^ "The World Factbook". Country Comparison - Oil Consumption. Found at https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2174rank.html
  2. ^ N.Y. Krylov, A.A. Bokserman, E.R.Stavrovsky. The Oil Industry of the Former Soviet Union. CRC Press, 1998. P. 187.
  3. ^ Black Gold: Canada's Oil Heritage. The Corporation of the County of Lambton. [30 July 2013]. (原始内容存档于2013年7月29日). The North American oil industry began in Oil Springs in 1858 in less spectacular fashion. James Miller Williams, a coachmaker from Hamilton, dug into the tar-like gum beds of Enniskillen Township to find their source. At a depth of fourteen feet, he struck oil. Williams immediately built a small refinery and began to produce illuminating oil for lamps - kerosene. It was Williams who was able to take full advantage of the ancient resource. Not only was he astute enough to look below the surface of the gum beds to find oil and to realize its commercial potential, but the timing of his discovery was perfect. 
  4. ^ Vassiliou, Marius (2009). Historical Dictionary of the Petroleum Industry. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press (Rowman and Littlefield), 700 pp.

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