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船塢 (6551 views - Transportation - Air Water Earth)

船塢是指在岸邊以人工建設,作為造船和修理船舶的地方,亦可用作船隻的停泊。船塢亦是一個國家造船的能力強度之一,船塢可以分為旱塢、灌水船塢及浮水船坞等不同類別。
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船塢

船塢

船塢是指在岸邊以人工建設,作為造船和修理船舶的地方,亦可用作船隻的停泊。船塢亦是一個國家造船的能力強度之一,船塢可以分為旱塢、灌水船塢及浮水船坞等不同類別。

歷史

船坞在西元前2500年左右的古埃及就有。[1][2] 乾式船坞於宋朝张平发明,他於公元925年生于临朐杨善,历任北宋马步都虞侯、监市木、供奉官、监阳平都木务兼造船厂、崇仪副使、如京使、客省使、盐铁使等职,公元987年病逝,回原籍御葬,"在村西起陵冢,墓前石人石羊,十分显赫"。

公元977年,张平任供奉官、监阳平都木务兼造船厂,住今陕西省宝鸡市以东之阳平镇。当时,在渭河边造船,船容易被水冲走,只好派一船三户守护,一年征调民工上千户,劳民伤财。张平遂命民工在岸边挖一大坑,在其中造船,船造好以后,掘开一口子,引水入坑,船漂起,驶入河中。大坑称之为"船坞"。

參考

  1. ^ Boyle, Alan. 4,500-year-old harbor structures and papyrus texts unearthed in Egypt. NBC. 15 April 2013. 
  2. ^ Marouard, Gregory; Tallet, Pierre. Wadi al-Jarf - An early pharaonic harbour on the Red Sea coast. Egyptian Archaeology. 2012, 40: 40–43 [18 April 2013]. 

種類



This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "船塢", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0. There is a list of all authors in Wikipedia

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